Cattle Warts In Detail
Cattle Warts are one of the most common skin problems seen on cows. Warts on cattle are one of the most contagious kinds of warts seen on any animal. They spread more rapidly in cattle herds as these animals stay in proximity to one another. Both beef and dairy cattle get infected by warts. The good news in this is that these warts are never serious and they usually disappear on their own.
Cattle warts usually get seen on the head, shoulders, and neck of these animals. There is, however, no reason to think that they cannot appear elsewhere on the body. They may get seen on the vulva, udder, penis, prepuce and anus areas of the cows. These warts are usually small and cause very little trouble. The problem arises when large areas get affected. In such severe cases, the cattle may not thrive. The thing is that these warts bleed when you try to knock them. They might get infected even more by trying the wrong methods to cure warts.
Causes of Warts in Cattle
There are six strains of a virus that causes warts in cattle. This contagious and infectious virus gets known by the name of Papillomavirus. It spreads when non-infected cattle come in contact with infected cattle. The six strains of this Papillomavirus have an affinity for specific body parts of the animals. There is the best treatment for warts for all the areas affected by these warts. The things that most people are not aware of is that the cattle warts harmful only to that species of animals. The humans cannot get affected by coming in contact with the cattle infected by warts.
There are several ways by which warts get transmitted in cattle. The most common method is spreading directly through contact with other infected cattle. It can also spread indirectly by the tanks, feeders, halters, or such equipment in their living areas.
If you are thinking of how to remove warts, you must know that most such bovine Papillomavirus is only slightly pathogenic and make just minor problems to the animals. These warts are usually flaky. They are tan or white colored growths on the skin that protrude out and have a horn-like appearance on the surface.
The young cattle, also known as yearlings, are the ones most susceptible to warts. These are the animals whose immune systems have not strengthened yet. Their immune systems are still in a transitional phase from the innate immunity received from the colostrums to further development of immunity from fighting the pathogens of their environment. The best treatment for warts is found by their body themselves when they grow up, and their immune system gets strong.
The Period of Persistence of Warts
On the accounts of how to remove warts in cattle, you need to know about the period of persistence of warts. Warts start appearing around two months after the animal has gotten exposed to the infection. It lasts for a year or more. The immune system of the animal starts to act and fight the virus around three to four weeks after the first attack of the virus. Warts can come back occasionally.
The good thing is that the effect of the virus stays isolated in warts. It does not circulate in the bloodstream, so the immune system of the animal not gets adversely affected by the attack of the virus. The negative side of this is that since the virus does not get circulated in the bloodstream, the immune system does not get stimulated at once. Thus, the time taken for the animal to develop immunity to the virus and cure warts gets extended.
How to Remove Warts on Cattle?
You can always opt for the route of surgery as the best treatment for warts if you feel that warts look objectionable and harmful on your cattle. Most veterinarians will tell you that there is a right time for the surgery as well and you cannot carry out the operation at any point in time. The surgeons wait till warts reach their maximum size or are in their final stage of regression. The surgery done at this time will prevent the reappearance of warts or any further stimulation in their growth.
There is another group of surgeons who suggest that you can get warts crushed or removed at the first sign of their appearance. The issue with this approach is that the procedure needs to get repeated a few times even after that till the immunity of the calf develops thoroughly.
Commercial Wart Vaccinations For Cattle
There are several commercial wart vaccinations available that effectively cure warts. You can administer those to your cattle to cure them. The people suggest that the affected ones need to get kept in isolation from the other animals. This is something that is easier said than done. The long incubation period of the virus means that the whole group has already gotten exposed to the virus long before first warts start to appear on them.
There are certain things that you need to know about the vaccination as well. The vaccination for warts works similarly to any other kind of vaccinations. They help to prevent a condition or disease and not to cure it directly. Similarly, do not expect to see a rapid regression of warts after the vaccination. The vaccine works in the way that it increases the amount of the virus in the bloodstream so that the immune system gets stimulated much faster than usual.
The dosage for the vaccination differs for calves and cattle. You need to take them for a booster dose of the medicine in about three to five weeks after the first dose. The cattle will get back to health in no time with proper care.
So, now you can take care of your cattle and keep them free from warts.