Periungual Warts – Overview
Warts clustering around toenails and fingernails are referred to as Periungual warts. If you notice a fissured cauliflower like the thick skin around your fingernails and toenails, it means you have Periungual warts. They mainly appear around one’s nail plate and leads to the loss of cuticle. Those who bite their nails, they are more susceptible to getting it. Initially, they just carry a small size, but slowly and steadily they get rougher and become dirty. The appearance is very unsightly, resembling cauliflower. They spread rapidly and develop as clusters. It is mostly the children and young adults who suffer from it. If children are nail-biters, it gets more difficult to treat periungual warts. It is crucial to start the viral warts treatment as soon as possible. Just like any other wart, the periungual wart is, caused by Human Papilloma Virus.
The Various Symptoms of Periungual Warts
When small, periungual warts are not that painful. But, they start to pain when they grow in size. Such wart may interrupt the usual growth of the nails or might even split your skin around the nails. With periungual warts, the cuticle and nails get disfigured. The following symptoms you must watch out for:
- Rough and dry bump caused by excessiveness of a rough protein called Keratin.
- When there is an outburst of warts, the skin may get discolored. This holds true for the area which is affected.
- The skin gets thickened and overgrown due to the development of wart.
The Causes of Periungual Warts and An Overview
Among so many kinds of HPV, it is mainly 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 27 and 57 that cause Periungual warts. The virus enters into your body through a cut and skin area which is scratched. If you pick at the nails and cuticles or have the habit of biting nails, you are more susceptible to getting it. The ones who are frequently having hands in water, they are also likely to get it. Those who work for restaurants or have to wash utensils frequently, they can get this wart. Other reasons are as follows:
- Those who have a weak or compromised immune system, they can easily get a Periungual wart. They will also take more time to eliminate warts.
- The ones who are having atopic dermatitis, they are at a much higher risk of having periungual warts.
- The virus, HPV is highly contagious. You may get this virus into your body if you touch someone who is infected. One must never share the toys, towels and personal items of an individual having this wart.
When someone gets a Periungual wart, the HPV virus stays at the surface and just spreads to those who touch it. It is imperative to follow a proper hygiene since this virus can also spread to other regions of the body. To eliminate the chance of getting this infection, you must frequently wash your hands. Regularly wash your hands and legs. Moisturize your skin by using anti-bacterial creams and just keep this infection at bay. If you live in an area which experiences heavy rains or extreme pollution, you must take steps to cleaning the legs and hands. Make use of protective gloves, hand sanitizers and eat a diet which boosts your immunity. Do not work in dirty water or share your toiletries with others.
Low Immune System Is the Leading Cause
Weak or low immune system can lead to periungual warts. Immunity system defends the body from foreign objects. It acts as the foremost line of defense for the body. If the immunity system gets weaker, it will not be able to combat foreign materials that are introduced into the body. The virus HPV will persist for a long time if the immunity is weak. In fact, it may spread to other regions of the body as well. The violent outbursts of skin lesions may lead to permanent damage to the nails if the immune is weak. If you want to strengthen your immunity system, start eating properly. What we eat has an impact on our immunity system. Increase your intake of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and drink plenty of fluids. Give up your habit of nail-biting if you have it.
The Treatment of Periungual Wart
For viral warts treatment, you can take several steps. If you notice a periungual wart, you must immediately see a doctor. If the periungual wart develops under the nail bed and spreads, it may cause permanent damage to the nails, causing nail fungus infection. Periungual wart treatment mainly focuses on the elimination of symptoms or clearing the very appearance of warts. A variety of treatments may be used in combination to clear warts. This type of wart is usually difficult to eliminate, and they may even recur or spread further. The following are some of the treatment options:
- Regularly apply a tropical cream like Bazuka gel. It comprises of salicylic acid in large quantities. This may deal with almost any kind of wart.
- To reduce or diminish the appearance of periungual warts, you may use Salicylic acid in large quantities. It moisturizes and replenishes the skin.
- When it comes to surgical procedures, laser surgery is the best treatment. Here there is the use of a strong beam of light to eliminate warts.
How It Spreads?
Wondering do warts spread? Yes, Periungual warts do spread. Once you have a wart growing on your nail or the nail plate, it can spread to other regions as well. If you have a wart on your finger and you eat using that finger, the wart may spread inside your mouth. Do not use your infected finger to scratch other regions of the body. This wart can spread rapidly if you are not careful.
To get rid of any wart, you must follow a proper hygiene routine. You may adopt preventative measures to prevent periungual wart. Use anti-bacterial cream to combat the infection and moisturize the area. Stay away from dust and take care of the open wound, skin cuts and abrasions.